Updated May 12, 2020
The Period Before and After the Founding of the Unification Church
The translation of this chapter from the Japanese has not yet been re-done (except for pages 89-92 and pages 102-105 done in March 2018). About half of the content will be missing from the other pages. Some photos and information have been added. The Japanese text can be found here.
▲ (front row) from the left
李聖花 Lee Seong-hwa – real name is Choi Soon-wha (mother of Sam Park)
李奇煥 Lee Kee-hwan was a member in Busan in May 1953
池承道 Chi Seung-do joined in Pyongyang in 1946
玉相賢＊ (Ok Sang-hyun) – real name Ok Se-hyun.
. She met Moon November 6, 1946 in Pyongyang
文鮮明 Moon Sun-myung
姜玉実＊ Kang Ok-shil – real name is Kang Hyun-shil, one of the six Marys
李順哲＊ Lee Soon-cheol – real name is Kim Soon-cheol
. one of the six Marys, according to Moon
金在根 Kim Chae-keun
劉信姫 Eu Shin-hee had pikareum with Moon. In 1993 she was interviewed by
. Japanese national TV about her pikaeum experience.
(back row) from the left
李成範 Lee Seong-peom
著者 (the author) Pak Chung-hwa was in the UC 1949-1957 and 1981-1986
趙東錫 Cho Dong-seok did public relations for the UC in 1955
李耀翰 Lee Yo-han joined in Busan on December 10, 1952
. He had been a main disciple of Chong Deuk-eun.
羅英洙 Na/Ra Yeong-su
李昌煥 Lee Chang-hwan signed founding of HSA-UWC document
. He was UC President from May to August 1954
劉孝元 Eu Hyo-won was the first president of HSA-UWC (UC). He was the main
. author of the 1957 Divine Principle. He died July 24, 1970.
金相哲 Kim Sang-cheol, known as David SC Kim
劉孝敏 Eu Hyo-min made an economic foundation for the UC;
. He took many photos.
李秀郷 Lee Su-hyang
❖ The biographical information above has been added. The book caption just lists all the names.
The Passion of the Women Followers 76
Busan and the church at Sujung-dong
On May 15th, 1953, I visited Mr. Moon’s house in Sujung-dong, Busan. He gave me a warm welcome, and told me about his plans for the future. From now things would be good. We had to work together. He taught me about the 6,000 years’ history of the providence, and many theories about God. He had changed his name from Yong Myung Moon to Sun Myung Moon. From that time everyone has known him by the name of Sun Myung Moon.
The people living with us at that time included: Kim Won-pil, Jung Sung-ok, Kang Hyun-shil, Ok Se-hyun, Chi Seung-do, Lee Kee-hwan, Lee Bong-oon, Lee Soo-kyoung and their family, Mr. Moon’s wife, Choi Seon-gil and their son Sung-jin, and Lee Yo-han. The new members who attended worship were Lee Duk-sam, Kim An-shil, Kim Jae-chak, Kim Bok-soon and family, and Oh Yeong-choon. Except for Kim Won-pil, Lee Bong-oon, Lee Soo-kyoung, and Lee Yo-han, all the others were women.
Kim Won-pil was working on an American military base, drawing portraits.
I don’t remember their names, but a young couple from Ulsan came to us. They used to go out to do missionary work. They seemed to be touched by the Holy Spirit. On a night when there was a lunar eclipse, they looked up at the sky and shouted out that the sky had shown a light. Sometimes, when they heard about the spirit world from our members, they fainted.
A few days later, Mr. Moon called me and said: “We now have to establish a financial foundation. Let’s discuss what business we can do that can support us.” I talked about it with Kim Dong-ki. He told me about a contract with the Monopoly Bureau to supply straw ropes. He didn’t have the money to get started, and so he suggested to me that I could take over the contract. I spoke to Mr. Moon about the idea. He then gave us some funds to get going. So we started in the business of making straw ropes. I was in charge of delivery to their office.
Mrs. Choi Seon-gil goes on the rampage 78
One day, Lee Bong-oon stopped by unexpectedly. He said that there had been a serious incident at the church in Sujung-dong. While Mr. Moon was practicing the pikareum ritual with some members, his wife came to stop it. She threw all the people out. Then she sold the house, and all the household items. Our church suddenly disappeared. I hurried to complete the contract with the Monopoly Bureau so I could earn about 30,000 won.
❖ Three photos with captions added. The photos are from the Korean edition of this book, and were taken by Eu Hyo-min. He explained the story behind the photos.
▲ Choi Seon-gil caught Moon doing a pikareum sex ritual with two followers. She went home and got the baseball bat which Moon kept there. She damaged the building and broke the HSA-UWC church signboard.
▲ Choi Seon-gil fought Moon because she could not accept his pikareum sex rituals which went against her strongly held Presbyterian beliefs. Moon had been excommunicated from the Presbyterian Church in 1948. At that time he was jailed for bigamy with Kim Chong-hwa (a married woman with three children) while he was still married to Choi Seon-gil. She eventually divorced him on January 8, 1957.
The testimonies of Moon’s first wife, Mrs. Choi Seon-gil, and Pastor Kim Deok-jin who wrote 19 of the church ‘Holy Songs’. Published in the Japanese magazine,
週刊ポスト Shūkan Post “Weekly Post” October 8, 1993
When I came back to Busan, Mr. Moon had left for Seoul to escape from his wife (September 17), and Won-pil had fled to Yeongdo, Busan. Elder Lee Bong-oon bought a humble house in Daeji Park and opened a church there. The church in Sujung-dong was already occupied by others. I had nowhere to stay, so that night I stayed in a guest house.
The following day I left for Seoul. I found Mr. Moon in Chungjin-dong and he welcomed me. I told him about the money we had made from the rope contract. The people staying there with Mr. Moon were all women.
The next day I went to Busan to visit the Bureau and get the [delivery] verification slip. I returned to Seoul arriving at noon on the following day. I went directly to the Chungjin house. Mr. Moon and his members had all gone. Only Choi Seon-gil was there. She was packing up all the household items in order to get rid of them. Among the items she was going to sell were Mr. Moon’s Bible and his manuscripts. I begged her to give them to me, which she did. If I had not taken them, it would have been very difficult for Mr. Moon to publish his books later on.
The truth was that Mr. Moon’s wife was very angry to see Mr. Moon’s dirty sexual activities with the other members – and so she had thrown them all out. Mr. Moon was scared of his wife, and had run away to Chungjin-dong with his female followers. But he was again found by his wife. He then just fled without even taking his manuscripts. The women with Mr. Moon, after the pikareum ritual, were looking for heaven.
As a man with blind faith in Mr. Moon’s religion, I have witnessed group sex gatherings and the pikareum ritual many times. I have seen their madness and heard their cries. At that time I thought it was the duty of the messiah to do those things, but I wondered why he had to run away from his wife because of that. He should have been confident in doing his duty as the messiah. How could he save the world without handling his own wife? He had even left his Bible and manuscripts behind.
Police torture me with electricity 82
After Mr. Moon’s escape from Chungjin-dong, there was another incident. I stayed at a guest house in Cheonggyecheon. As I was going to sleep, there was a knock on the door. “Is Pak Chung-hwa there?” I answered, “This is he.” The man showed me his ID. He was a detective from the Jongro Police station. He asked me to come with him to the police station. I didn’t know what the reason was, but I had to go with him.
I was interrogated. He asked me where Mr. Moon was. I said I didn’t know. The detective then brought in a set of batteries. He tied two electrical wires to my fingers. Then he cranked the handle. The pain from the electric shocks was great. He cranked more, and kept telling me to answer the question. My body became numb. He spoke my name, and then tried to persuade me with soft words. The torture went on for about three hours. Then I yelled at him, “Kill me! I don’t know.” At that time a man came in from the next room and asked me whether I was from Pyongyang. I said “yes.” He said that he was also from there. He ordered the other detective to stop torturing me. In the morning I was released.
The test concerning the will of heaven 83
After I was released from the police station, I went to the house near the YMCA where Aum Deok-moon lived. He welcomed me and told me where Mr. Moon was staying. After I finished work for the Monopoly Bureau, I was going to meet Mr. Moon. But Ok Se-hyun and others wanted to come with me. Even though I tried to stop them, they did not listen to me.
Then it started to rain. While they were hesitating, I jumped onto a bus. I could easily find Mr. Moon’s new place. Mr. Moon and Kim Soon-cheol welcomed me. I explained what had happened at the police station, and about our business.
After that I was given a test on God’s revelations. I passed the test. Since Aum Deok-moon had taken the test the day before, Mr. Moon referred to him as the ‘elder spiritual brother’ and myself as the ‘younger spiritual brother’.
At that time Kim Soon-cheol was making a blanket which Mr. Moon called a ‘spiritual revelation’. There was so much cotton in the room it was a pain to clean up before bed time.
The husband of Kim Soon-cheol got angry 85
I stayed there for two days and then returned to Seoul. In Seoul Kim Soon-cheol’s husband was desperately looking for Mr. Moon. We felt that it was too dangerous to stay there, so Mr. Moon, Kim Soon-cheol and I left for Busan. We had to be careful. Since we couldn’t get tickets to Busan, we went to Suwon first and stayed in other cities along the way until we reached Busan five days later. We decided to stay in a guest house in Sumyun.
After two days, we were again spotted. A woman named Kim An-mi came to us. She was one of the six Marys, and she seemed to be jealous about Mr. Moon taking Kim Soon-cheol alone with him. The two women, Kim An-mi and Kim Soon-cheol, started fighting. Their spiritual struggle for dominance got stronger. They were very jealous of each other. I talked to Kim about Mr. Moon’s situation. I told her that Mr. Moon was in a difficult position, and that her fight with Kim Soon-cheol would make it worse. She then went back to her home.
We stayed in Busan for five days. After that we returned to Seoul. Kim Soon-cheol went back to her home, but she ended up in hospital because her husband beat her. Mr. Moon and I visited her in the hospital, but we did not stay long. We had an ominous feeling. We found out later that Kim Soon-cheol’s husband had visited the hospital just after we had left. If Mr. Moon and Kim Soon-cheol’s husband had met, what would have happened?
Mr. Moon’s affairs with other women never stopped. Based on the pikareum theory, Mr. Moon had sex with as many women as possible. It made their husbands mad. On one occasion Mr. Moon even had sex with a woman and her two daughters. Was the reason for his not being arrested the grace of God?
At that time Kim Won-deok, who was one of Mr. Moon’s disciples, came to us. After Mr. Moon escaped from Chungjin-dong, he had the pikareum ritual with Kim Soon-cheol and Choi Soon-wha.
The pikareum ritual required a witness from family members. That time Kim Soon-cheol was the witness. It was the Marriage Supper of the Lamb with a virgin. After that Kim Soon-cheol called Choi Soon-wha the “future mother” and gave her an expensive gold ring as a gift. I heard this story directly from Mr. Moon.
The Meeting at Busan / Yeongdo
The tragedy of the female college student, Kim Myung-hee 89
In those days I was based in Daegu, and went to various places with Mr. Moon to give the principle lectures to the members here and there. In addition, I went to Busan and Seoul on Mr. Moon’s instructions, and gave the members his news.
At that time, it was still very difficult to travel by train; it took twelve hours to get from Seoul to Busan.
From the Chupungnyeong mountain pass to Daegu, there was complete darkness in the carriages, because all the lights were switched off for military reasons. In the middle of the night the heating went off, and since the glass in the windows was mostly cracked or broken, in winter it was bitterly cold.
When the train entered tunnels, smoke and the smell of the coal used for fuel were blown in through the windows which had no glass and passengers could hardly breathe.
One day when I was with Mr. Moon in Seoul, I heard from Elder Lee Pong-wun in Busan. “A lot of people are waiting to hear Teacher’s lectures in Busan, and rooms are all prepared. Please come to Busan in whatever way possible.”
We did not have the travel money to go to Busan. But Oh Yeong-choon came by. She took some trouble and came up with the required money. That evening Mr Moon and I set out. We arrived in Busan at eight o’clock the next morning. Elder Lee Pong-wun and about a dozen members came to greet us. Everyone was happy that Mr. Moon had come to Busan. We then went to Yeongdo in the city by taxi.
It was December 24, 1953. [This date has been confirmed in a testimony by Kim Won-pil.] Though the place we went to was very humble, it was neat and tidy with a comparatively large room, demonstrating the members’ sincerity. The owner of the house was Shin Seong-muk, and his wife was Eu Shin-hee.
After breakfast, Mr. Moon started to give the usual principle lecture. One man, Eu Hyo-won, could not sit, and was listening to the lecture lying down. His spine and hip had become stiff due to joint adhesion caused by tuberculosis. This person looked extremely serious. When someone coughed near him, he stopped them with his facial expression.
About twenty people were listening to the talk. The room was very quiet and the atmosphere was serious. There were no breaks besides meal times. The lectures continued until one or two in the morning. However, the people were attentive from beginning to end.
On this day a number of people had come to hear the teachings for the first time: two brothers, Eu Hyo-won and Eu Hyo-yeong, Shin Seong-muk who was the husband of Eu Shin-hee, Kim Kwan-sung and Deacon Cha. Those who were already members were Lee Duk-sam, Ok Se-hyun, Lee Kee-hwan, Chi Seung-do, Yang Chung-shin, Oh Yeong-choon, and Elder Lee Pong-wun, and their families.
One other person, a Yonsei University student named Kim Myung-hee, was participating for the first time. She was the niece of our member, Yang Chung-shin. Because Kim Myung-hee was a very talented and promising student, it seems that she was treated with great indulgence by the university president. And when the American university president had to return home, he gave her one year’s worth of tuition fees. She thought it was dangerous to have such a large amount of money, so she gave it to her aunt, Yang Chung-shin, for safe-keeping.
However, because of the very difficult financial circumstances of the members, Yang Chung-shin had embezzled the money and given to the church. Kim Myung-hee was very angry when she found out, at the start of the school year, that all the money had been used. [She had come to the church with her aunt to get the money back.]
❖ Photo added:
Without moving an inch, Kim Myung-hee patiently listened to Mr Moon’s lectures from morning to night. She wanted to find out what kind of church it was that her aunt had joined. She wanted to protest after hearing the teachings of this Mr Moon and seeing what kind of person he was.
At midnight the meeting was adjourned and most of the participants returned to their respective lodgings. The rest of us ended up sleeping together in one room in the house. There were two men, Mr. Moon and myself, and six women: Ok Se-hyun, Lee Duk-sam, Oh Yeong-choon, Yang Chung-shin, Chi Seung-do and Kim Myung-hee. This was the first night of the meeting at Yeongdo in Busan.
To tell the truth, Sun Myung Moon had sex with Kim Myung-hee on this night. I am revealing it here for the first time.
Sun Myung Moon was lying down at the very end of the room, and I was next to him. The six women were next in the order that I have named them. I did not fall asleep straight away although I was tired – then I drifted off to sleep. However, I then woke up because of something strange.
From the place where Sun Myung Moon was sleeping next to me, I heard a woman’s voice that sounded something like a scream or panting. Moreover, it was Kim Myung-hee who should have been asleep at the other end of the room. I have witnessed Sun Myung Moon having sex many times, but I was really surprised at this. I do not know if she was motivated by the Principles of Restoration, or if Sun Myung Moon had secretly called her, but without any doubt this was not a pikareum restoration ritual.
However, being right beside their activity, I had no choice but to pretend to be asleep because I was in a vulnerable position [in the organization].
Of the other five women, one was a Mary. The other four had already had a relationship with Sun Myung Moon. I will describe more about that later.
Also, after that, Kim Myung-hee became pregnant with Sun Myung Moon’s child, and led a really miserable life.
Being chased by investigators 92
The next day Mr. Moon continued his lectures. Eu Hyo-won was listening carefully and making notes. Kim Kwan-sung, known as a doctor of Oriental medicine, was also listening carefully, as was Shin Seong-muk, the owner of the house. His wife was also listening intently – and later she did the pikareum ritual with Mr. Moon.
About three weeks after that, all the participants began to weep and cry. There were strong complaints from the neighborhood. We were reported to the police. Furthermore, one of the members’ relatives was working for the police, and so we decided to stop the congregation in Yeongdo.
As a matter of fact, we felt that we were being chased by the police wherever we stayed. When Mr. Moon stayed in any place for a week, he became known to the police. Mr. Moon was being chased not only by the police, but also by the relatives of his converts.
In Jongro we ate at a restaurant run by the brother of Lee Chang-hwan, and we stayed in a guest house. The owners of the guest house and of the restaurant seemed to dislike us.
Later we moved to a place in Bukhak-dong. Eu Hyo-won, Eu Hyo-min and I stayed together there. Some female believers also came to help us. One day Mr. Moon suddenly visited us. That same night we were visited by police detectives and we were interviewed. They asked us general questions about religion. We did not understand why we were brought to the attention of the police.
I went to buy some household items with Yang Yun-shin. We looked like a newly married couple, but she was much younger than I was. She desperately tried to get the pikareum ritual. Unfortunately she died a few years later.
Since more members were coming, our rooms became full. We moved to a large house in Bukhak-dong which had three doors. Mr. Moon rented another room south of the house for his own use. Lee Soo-kyoung, Kim Sang-chul (David SC Kim), and Lee Chang-hwan joined us too. At that time Eu Hyo-won’s younger brother, Hyo-yeong, brought a bag of croaker fish for us.
Another unforgettable thing happened. A politician brought his daughter, who was a little retarded, to the church. He may have thought that she might get better if she stayed in our church. The problem was that the girl, who was eight years old, pooped whenever we had breakfast. We endured this, expecting that a miracle would happen. However, she did not get better and after a year her family took her away with them.
At that time Lee Soo-kyoung went out to make some money. Lee Chang-hwan translated the church pamphlets into English. He sent letters to distinguished people and renowned pastors all around the world. The letters said that the messiah had come to a country in the east: worship him. Those who are suspicious should pray. He attached a picture at the bottom of the letter. While he was busy doing this, Eu Hyo-won was focusing on writing Mr. Moon’s doctrines. Eu Hyo-min and I kept copying the manuscript.
During that time, Eu Hyo-won said that there were some contradictions in Mr. Moon’s teachings. We asked Mr. Moon about them, but he could not give any answers. So Eu Hyo-won just continued writing down the teachings as they were.
Kim Sang-chul, known as David SC Kim, was going to study in England. He asked me to fill in some application forms for him.
There was an old lady named Kim Jae-geun. She took cold showers, even in the middle of winter. We were worried about her health, but she was healthy enough to do that.
A man named Song Do-wook joined us. Kim Won-pil – who was trying to avoid military service – secretly hid in Song’s house.
The living cost for such a large family was a big challenge. We helped Eu Hyo-min’s picture business. I helped to shine the pictures. Lim Myung-shin also helped us after finishing her work at the kitchen. In this way we could just cover our expenses.
The Founding of the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification
of World Christianity
Eu Hyo-won writes the  ‘Explanation of the Principle’ 95
On May 3, 1954, at the church at 391 Bukhak-dong, Seong-dong Gu, five of us, Lee Chang-hwan, Eu Hyo-won, Kim Sang-chul, Pak Chung-hwa and Eu Hyo-min, gathered centred on Teacher Moon. It was time to promote the work of spreading The Principle centring on Mr. Moon’s teachings throughout the world.
▲ Daegu: the main church leaders at that time (front row) from the left
(front) Kim Kwan-sung, Lee Yo-han, Moon, the author, Eu Hyo-min
(back) Eu Hyo-won, Kang So-yong, Lee Han-song, Lee Pong-wun and Shin Seong-muk [Shin was the husband of Eu Shin-hee. This is Moon’s 34th birthday. Kang Hyun-shil was pioneering there at the time. According to Kim Won-pil, Moon went to visit her there during 1954.]
We discussed a name for our church. Our purpose was the unification of the world’s Christianity. At first we agreed on “Unification of World Christianity.” Next “Spiritual Association” … “God’s Spirit Association” …I suggested the “[Holy] God Spirit Association.” This was adopted.
… Principle … religious group for the unification of Christianity throughout the world … So the Unification Church was born. first … founding of the “Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity” (世界基督敎 統一神靈協會 [in Chinese characters] Se-gye Kidok-gyo Tong-il Shil-Lyeong Hyeop-Hwae”).
▲ Founders of the Unification Church (front row) from the left:
Pak Chung-hwa – author, Moon, (Baek Wun-hak*), (Kim Won-dok), Eu Hyo-won
(back row) David Sang-cheol Kim, (Lee Yo-han), Lee Chang-hwan
Here are five of the founders of the UC. Eu Hyo-min is not in the photograph.
*The names of those who were not founder members have been put in brackets.
Lee Chang-hwan was appointed as the first Chairman, but he left after only three months.
(Later on, May 1st became Foundation Day, but in fact it was May 3rd.)
The Time of the Ewha Woman’s University Incident
❖ Photo added:
Students and professors were coming in droves 102
Music Professor Yang Yun-yeong from the prestigious Seoul school, the Ewha Woman’s University, joined around this time. After she had listened to Mr. Moon’s lectures for three days, there was a sudden miracle and she was full of the Holy Spirit, which had been blocked by satan before then. She caused an uproar by shouting and kicking the walls with her feet.
❖ Photo added:
After that Eu Hyo-won went to Mrs. Yang Yun-yeong’s home in Sindang-dong every day to give lectures on the Principle. Han Chung-hwa, who was the Ewha Woman’s University housemaster of the dormitory, decided to join. Then Choi Won-pok, a Professor from the English Department at the same University joined, and also Kim Young-oon. Then, from Yonsei University, Professor Park Sang-rae and three students, Yu Kyong-kyu, Hwang Hwan-chae and Oh Seung-taek all joined.
❖ Photo of Moon and Choi Soon-wha added:
❖ Added information:
This book was printed four times in the first month after publication. Some photos and captions were changed across the different editions. The later editions had the group photo. The last edition removed information and had this simple caption: “Sun Myung Moon with female college student members.”
The older sister of Choi Soon-wha was Choi Soon-shil who went to Yonsei University. Soon-shil was arrested on July 18, 1955 during the Ewha sex scandal investigation; Moon had been arrested on July 4. Because Soon-shil was young, under questioning by the police she “confessed to group sex activities.” Her wealthy father, Choi Seong-mo, arranged for her release from jail. He always tried to help his daughters in spite of their involvement with Moon. And he had hope that his wife, Lee Duk-sam, would return to him – but she never did. However, at the end of her life she did realize the truth about Moon and became a Christian, hoping for forgiveness for her involvement with Moon and for what had happened to her two daughters. She had misgivings about Moon’s sex with her daughters. Her eldest son was Choi Soon-yeong. He gave an interview to a Japanese magazine. LINK
“Soon-yeong and his wife were at the hospital bed of his mother, Lee Duk-sam. One day, three officials of the Unification Church came and put a tape recorder in front of the dying patient. They wanted her to leave a will saying she desired to have her funeral at the Unification Church. They even wanted her to talk about inheritance, persisting for several hours. Lee Duk-sam remained silent.
“They were in my mother’s room, located at the furthest end of the ground floor. They put a recording machine right in the center of the room. We found it unbearable and eventually said to them, “She is our mother, not yours,” and I threw them out.” The Unification Church did not get her inheritance.
❖ conclusion of added information.
Among the members who came from Busan to Seoul was a woman named Eu Shin-hee. She was the wife of Shin Seong-muk, who provided us with the house when we had that meeting in Yeongdo. One night she visited the room beside the church [in Bukhak-dong] which Mr. Moon had rented. She knocked on the door of the room and a voice asked “Who is it?” She answered “It is Shin-hee.” He said, “Enter” and she went in. Then, she apparently received the ‘restoration’ [pikareum] sex ritual straight away. Kim In-ju, who had already received the pikareum three times a while before, was in attendance as a witness. Kim In-ju encouraged Eu Shin-hee to receive the ‘restoration’ pikareum. After that Eu Shin-hee had ‘restoration’ pikareum with a number of male members.
To tell the truth I was also one who had ‘restoration’ pikareum sex with Eu Shin-hee. Kim Deok-jin came shortly after and had ‘restoration’ pikareum with her. Then Kim Deok-jin had ‘restoration’ pikareum with her and then went on to do the ‘restoration’ with other women, these women… it quickly became a chain of seventy people. Some time later Kim Deok-jin became a Pastor and caused a great commotion by declaring he was going to write a book about the wild sex in the Unification Church. (This is described later.)
A man called Kim Deok-jin 104
At that time, I was working every evening until about ten o’clock putting gloss on the photographs [we were producing to sell]. One night a young man, who was wearing a black UN forces coat, arrived and said, “I would like to meet Teacher.” When I asked him where he came from, he gave his name as Kim Deok-jin and said he was a graduate in the humanities field at Soongshil Technical College in North Korea. He had been put on trial for espionage by the military and sentenced to death. However, during his life sentence imprisonment he had been given a retrial and been acquitted. He came after he got out of the Dongchon Army prison in the south.
He had been entrusted with a letter, which was addressed “To my Father,” to pass on to Mr Moon. He had been given it by a man named Mr. Lee Suk-bin whom he had met in prison. I led him to Yang Yun-yeong’s home where Mr Moon was. He had musical talent and could compose music and write lyrics. As soon as he joined he began composing and writing lyrics (hymns). Mr. Moon praised his musical talents and he had the honor of being the first member to be given a suit by Mr. Moon.
❖ Photo added:
The membership also increased: Kim Ch’an-kyun, Chong Rin-Jong, Ahn Chang-seong, Kang Jung-won, Cha Man-chun, Lee So-dam, Yu Kwang-yol, Lee Chin-tae, Pak Seung-kyu, Lee Wol-seong, Kim Won-min, Hwang Eun-ja, Chi Saeng-ryon, Yu Dong-hee. The new people who joined were: Chi Won-dae, An Chong-kuk, Kim Sun-hwa, Shin Mi-shik, Chong Dae-hwa, Kim Joo-hwa, Lee Kwan-sun, Lee Gi, Park Bong-ae, Nam Gung-cheol, Lee Yong-il, Choi Jung-sun, Lee In-bok, Kim Hwa-yong, Kim Jung-eun, Sa Kil-ja, Park Yong-sook, Seo Myung-jin, Lee Jong-ho, Kim Young-hwi.
❖ Photo added:
▲ After their expulsion, the students managed to meet The university president, Kim Hwal-lan, on May 23, 1955. She stood by her decision. This picture was taken on campus after the meeting.
(Top from left) Seo Myung-jin, Lee Gye-soon*, Sa Kil-ja, Chi Saeng-ryon**, Park Young-sook, Kang Jung-won and Chong Dae-hwa (who was later married to Kim Young-whi)
(Bottom from left) Choi Soon-hwa (the mother of Sam Park), Yim Seung-hee***, Kim Jung-eun, Shin Mi-shik (later known as Mamasan Choi) and Park Seung-kyu.
* Lee Gye-soon entered Kyunghee University in 1957. She left the Unification Church over 50 years ago and had a successful career as a professor.
** Before Chi Saeng-ryon joined she was known as Lee Mal-sook, and after she moved to the US she also used that name.
*** Her name may be 朴承姫 Park Seung-hee and not 林 Yim or Lim Seung-hee.
Kim Yun-rye was also expelled but later made a pledge to give up the Unification Church, and Ewha Womans University allowed her to return to her studies.
Eight of the expelled students entered other universities in 1956.
Following the professor, fourteen Ewha Woman’s University students joined. But because of their heretical beliefs, thirteen of them were expelled from the University. (One professor had handed in her resignation and resigned before that.) Those who got expelled from the school were: Shin Mi-shik, Sa Kil-ja, Kim Jung-eun, Seo Myung-jin, Pak Seung-kyu, Chi Mi-sook, Chong Dae-hwa, Park Young-sook, Park Seung-hee, Lee Gye-soon, Kang Jung-won, Choi Soon-wha and Kim Sook-ja.
Another electrical torture, this time in Daegu 105
❖ Photo and two testimonies added:
391 Bukhak-dong, Seong-dong Gu, Seoul, was the first headquarters church. Their aliases were: Ok Sang-hyun, Kang Ok-shil. This building was known as “The House of Three Doors.” The same photo with both women clearly and correctly named is on page 37 of “A Pictorial History of the 40 years of the Unification Church.”
Here is a story from Dr Mose Durst, former president of the FFWPU/UC of the US:
“Mrs. Eu Gil-ja Sa, another early member of the Seoul church, tells of an extraordinary rumor spread around 1955. The church supposedly had three doors that one had to pass through before entering the central meeting hall. One had to remove, so the rumor went, an article of clothing as one passed through each door, so that presumably one entered the final hall completely naked.” (from Durst’s 1984 book To Bigotry No Sanction)
Here are two testimonies from women who were members in 1954-1955. One of them was ‘restored’ in Moon’s room.
Choi Syn-deok 崔信德 (1921-2016) joined in 1954. Later she was Professor of Sociology at Ewha Women’s University in Seoul. She wrote an article about the UC in Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch No. 43 (1967) The introduction stated: “She was once an active member of the Tong-il Church [ UC ] and was closely associated with Mun Son-myong.”
“KOREA’S TONG-IL MOVEMENT”
“I present here a brief picture of the Tong-il Church from the sociological point of view. … Many reports have been made about these two religious bodies. [The other was Elder Park Tae-seon’s “Olive-Tree” Church.] There is, however, no one who really knows about their leaders, organizations, beliefs and practices. We have seen many families which have been destroyed, leaving unhappy husbands, sorrowful parents and miserable children because of these new religious movements. The purpose of this research is to help in the solution of these problems of disorganization of homes, and to make a scientific study about these groups, without emotional or biased opinions.
… “Before Moon’s marriage [in 1960], believers, male as well as female, who longed to meet him and talk with him could easily arrange to be with him in the living room of a home attached to the church, staying until very late. They used to talk, sing and laugh without realizing how fast the night went, until after one or two o’clock in the morning. They called this their period of direct association with the master. Its purpose was to educate and train the believers, that is, to “restore” them.” … “In July, 1955, several senior members and four leaders as well as Mr. Moon were imprisoned under an accusation of injuring public morals. (This matter was reported in papers and journals.)”
Eu Shin-hee 劉信姫 gave an interview in about 1993:
Q.1: “You were living peacefully with your husband, Mr. Shin Seong-muk, and your five children in Yeongdo, Busan. You lent one of your rooms to Moon’s congregation for a meeting. [On the recommendation of her older cousin, Eu Hyo-won, who was living nearby at the time.] Is that correct?”
Eu: “That’s right. It was on December 24, 1953. In the beginning they said they only needed the room for three days, but in the end it went on for 25 days. …”
Q.5: “You were one of the women who had pikareum with Sun Myung Moon in this way. And yet, Mrs. Eu Shin-hee, you accepted to do an interview, and are probably the first to be willing to show your face in public. How do you feel about this?”
Eu: “The reason why I remained silent to people outside [the church] until now was because I was frightened that the children would know about the reality of pikareum. At my age I can endure it, but it will affect my children and grandchildren negatively. Although this truth is a very shameful thing to talk about, I still want to clarify the facts before I die.”
Q.6: “Please explain some more details about the ‘the restoration’ with Sun Myung Moon.”
Eu: “One female member talked me into it. [at the Seoul church. It was Kim In-ju 金仁珠 who joined in 1946. She was the aunt of Kim Won-pil and first introduced him to Moon.] She led me to Sun Myung Moon’s pitch-dark room late at night. That, in my case, was how I was ‘restored.’ It was finished in just a short time, it was all over in a few moments. I was told that I should come back two more times to complete the ‘restoration,’ to clean up the satanic blood, but I had ‘restoration’ pikareum only once, and then I stopped it.”
Eu: “Sun Myung Moon had many relations with various women. I did not know when my turn would next come around, and then because I heard a very unpleasant story. There was a woman who came from the same village as me, and she had a cute daughter. From when she was small, we would hold hands and go to the mountains and rivers or to the church to pray. Later this daughter became a university student. She was still a virgin. Then Sun Myung Moon took her to his room and had sex by force with her. He took away her chastity with the excuse of ‘restoration.’
When this daughter told me, she was crying. Even if it is done in the name of ‘restoration’ it is still sexual intercourse. It doesn’t change the fact that he hurt a young woman by doing this. That is why I gave up on being ‘restored’ two more times.” LINK
In 1993 Eu Shin-hee was also interviewed by Japanese national TV.
The main church moved to a new house in Hongin-dong in January 1955, and then moved to Jangchoong-dong three months later. A few days after our move, two police detectives came to the church. They checked our church, and I felt something was different that time. We warned some women from other regions to keep a low profile.
I decided to report this to Mr. Moon, who was staying in Daegu at that time. I went to Daegu with Kim Myung-hee. She was the woman who lost her virginity to Mr. Moon. She was now pregnant. She was planning to smuggle herself to Japan to have the baby there.
❖ Two photos added:
When we arrived in Daegu, we went to Kim Yo-han’s, but there was nobody there. I felt something was wrong. Then I was caught by police detectives. At the police station I was interrogated all through the night. They asked me for Mr. Moon’s whereabouts. I said “No” and that I would not say even if I did know where he was. They started the electrical torture on me. It was the second time. Mr. Moon was in Yong Mountain at that time.
The production and sale of bromide pictures 108
As I said before, we were in the picture business to make money to cover our living costs. We took pictures of famous places and sold them. Eu Hyo-min was in charge of the technology, and the work in the darkroom was done by Kim Won-pil, Eu Hyo-yeong, and Lee Soo-kyoung. The headquarters in Hongin-dong had five rooms with a kitchen and a living room. It was the perfect place for our picture business, and for the teaching. There was a garden with trees. It was a good place.
After we moved there, a lot more people joined us, and our church grew rapidly. The newspapers and rumors at that time were like this: When you join the Unification Church, you will be brainwashed in three or four days and you will leave your family. The room with a red light for our photographic work was rumored to be the brainwashing room.
The applying of the gloss for the bromide photographs was usually done at night time, and finished in the morning. At dawn many orphans would come to us, right after the lifting of the curfew, to buy pictures from us. They sold our pictures very quickly. In that way we had some financial stability. Every day about 70 or 80 people had meals at the church, so for that we needed a bag of rice each day. It was hard work for the women working in the kitchen, and it cost a lot of money to feed everyone. On the streets of Seoul there were many street vendors. They were selling cigarettes, magazines, and our pictures.
One day Kim In-chul visited us when we were working on the pictures. I knew him well since I was the company commander in the army with him. He was running a hotel in Haeju at that time. We became friends while I had been staying there. I didn’t expect to see him again. I was very pleased to see him. We talked about many things, but I had some concerns too. If he talked about my history in the North Korean military, I would have been arrested. It would also damage the church. I reported all this to Mr. Moon, but Kim never mentioned my past to anyone. About 20 years later when I met him again, we chatted about that time, and together we laughed about it.
The third secretary, Song Do-wook 111
Song joined our church in Yeongdo. He was an exterminator vendor. He had worked for the independence of Korea during the Japanese rule. He was not very educated, but he was decisive and stubborn. I had been teacher Moon’s secretary for a long time and Eu Hyo-min had succeeded me. Song became the third secretary. He was promoted to elder later on. He was so arrogant that he sometimes troubled the members. One day, in front of Elder Jung, I advised him not to. I remember that time like yesterday, but both of them have since passed away. Many of our members from that time have passed away.
A time of modest relaxation 112
During the time when we were in the bromide photograph business at the Heungin-dong Church, when Saturday came, Eu Hyo-yeong and Lee Soo-kyoung and I used to go down to the Dongdaemun market to eat pork and sundae. (Sundae is made by kneading together a seasoned mixture of glutinous rice, bean curd, scallions, mung-bean sprouts, and shiitake mushrooms. It is then stuffed into casings made of pig intestines, which are then tied off at the ends, and boiled.) We also had a little drink. This revived us. We worked hard, but we always looked forward to each Saturday.
It was just like things happened yesterday. Time flows like water. The picture business was mainly done by Eu Hyo-min. At first I thought that we could not make much money from such a business, but it became better than I had expected. The skill of Eu was incredible. In that way, our financial foundation became secure. After that, thanks to Eu Hyo-min’s patent for an air gun, the revenue later increased to millions of dollars. Now Eu Hyo-min is not a member of the church. He got married to Na Soon-yul, who died. They had three children.
The Truth About the Arrest of Our Church Elders 114
Sun Myung Moon’s arrest
After the five professors and 14 students joined our church, Ewha Women’s College asked the authorities to investigate our church.
As I wrote earlier, we were visited by police detectives on May 13th, 1955. They checked our church in detail to find evidence. They also checked the identity of visitors and watched them. We found out that the police were planning to arrest Mr. Moon and other officers of the church. So Mr. Moon hid in a place in the mountains with Park Sang-rae. We gathered together to make our final plans. Kim Soon-cheol suggested that Mr. Moon should go to Japan for a while.
There were many ideas, but we could not decide what to do. We eventually decided to turn ourselves in to the police. On July 4th, 1955, Mr. Moon was finally arrested. There had been a two month investigation. Our chairman, Eu Hyo-won, was questioned about the teachings. He was questioned about the purpose of the church, and about the joining of the professors and students. I was questioned next. I was asked about how I met Mr. Moon, and about the time in prison in North Korea, about Mr. Moon’s name change, and many other things.
When Mr. Moon was asked about his residency card, he was in trouble because people who had defected from North Korea were not issued with residency cards unless there was a valid reason for them to get one. I explained to the police that I had made one for him. Actually, it had been made by bribing someone in authority. I had made mine in the same way. The lying about our ages was so that we could avoid military service. When I was asked about our expenses, I answered that the money came from our picture business. I told them that I was in charge of the finances. After that the police investigated the issue of adultery. I could not answer them clearly about that. I was also asked about the issue of the messiah. The main point of the investigation was about group sex and adultery.
The focus of the investigation was on group sex 119
The issue of group sex was seriously investigated. The inspector said, “According to your doctrines, the original sin began when Eve had sex with the Archangel Lucifer, and then after that she had sex with Adam. To solve the problem of that sin, a sinless messiah must come to our world and have sex with women. Is that right? I think Mr. Moon has had sex with many women, especially married women, saying that he is the messiah. Have you ever seen that going on?” I replied that I was only in charge of the finances and had no idea.
I lied that I had just followed Mr. Moon since I was in prison, and that the allegations that Mr. Moon had sex with married women was nonsense. I added that I had never seen such a thing. The inspector said, your opinion seems to be divided in two ways. On the one side are the people who just believe Mr. Moon, and believe that the pikareum blood exchange ritual can make people reborn, and that you can create a new world based on a sinless Adam, and that offspring from such parents will grow up to govern the world. On the other hand, there are the ones who are suspicious of Mr. Moon’s new teachings, and the history of restoration, since he was the son of a humble family. They think Mr. Moon has original sin, and that he is not God. It is impossible to save people through sex. What is your position?” I said, “The pikareum restoration through a sex ritual is a lie. It is just a story, a rumour. Somebody must have lied to harm Mr. Moon.” The inspector asked me about what Mr. Moon had done in North Korea, Daegu, and Busan. I answered that Mr. Moon had just studied the Bible and religious doctrines, and had preached to people. I added that the people who gathered around him were touched by his teachings. The inspector asked me about Mr. Moon’s wife and children, and about the disturbances that Mr. Moon’s wife had made in Busan and Seoul. I said that it had happened because of the differences in their religious beliefs. The police tried to find any evidence that could prove Mr. Moon’s adultery, and about the group sex activities.
The indictment of five church elders 121
Eu Hyo-min and Eu Hyo-yeong were questioned after me. When Kim Won-pil was questioned, his evasion of military service caused a problem. Then the investigation of the family of Mr. Moon’s wife started. Ok Se-hyun was the first. The investigation about women was done during day time. It was focused on the issue of group sex. After the investigation, Kim Won-pil, Eu Hyo-min, Eu Hyo-yeong, and Eu Hyo-won respectively were imprisoned.
❖ Photo added:
▲ Choi Soon-wha, not her sister Soon-shil, is standing directly in front of Moon. On the left is Choi Won-pok and on the right is Kim Young-oon. These two Ewha Woman’s University professors, along with three others, encouraged their students to join the UC and be pikareum cleansed by Moon. All were expelled from the Christian University due to their involvement with Moon. The scandal was covered in Japanese newspapers as well as Korean ones. Link to Korean newspaper coverage of the scandal.
The female member Choi Soon-shil was imprisoned on the 18th. Including Mr. Moon, five were imprisoned. At that time the public relations of the church was handled by Noh Jung-woo and Cho Dong-suk. They appealed to the prosecutor’s office to release me, saying that the living of dozens of church members would be difficult if I was in prison. They promised that I would turn myself in whenever the prosecutor’s office wanted. Mr. Moon was held in jail.
Choi Soon-shil, who confessed to group sex activities, was also released because of her father’s efforts. On July 29th, 1955, five men were indicted for evasion of military service. I was worried about being called to the police station but it did not happen. I was asked to hide somewhere before any further investigation began, so I did.
My escape from the hands of the investigators 123
A call to me came from Mr. Moon. There was fifty thousand won in checks in the drawer of Mr. Moon’s desk at the Changchong-dong church. It had been saved to be spent in the case of an emergency. I went to Masan to get it.
I also visited Yang Yoon-shin who was in the Masan National Tuberculosis Sanitarium. At that time Yang Yoon-shin served as the Director of Nursing at that nursing care home. I stayed there for free for about a fortnight.
Suddenly, while I was in Masan, Lee Duk-sun who was the younger brother of a man called Lee Weon-joo, together with Shin Seong-muk and Park Bong-shik from Busan, all came together with Kim Cheong-sook, the real daughter of Yang Yoon-shin. We were all church members.
We were always gathered together, and worried about the trial of Mr. Moon and the church leaders in Seoul.
About 10 days later Lee Won-joo went away somewhere. A short time later some weird things happened. Suddenly Lee Won-joo began calling out, “Sun Myung Moon is not the Second Coming Messiah. I am the Second Coming Messiah.”
Those who gathered in his house came to believe all his stories. They were praying and crying day and night. Lee Won-joo was exploiting the Principle and the women. He had ‘return sex’ [pikareum] with them, including Mrs. Yang who had her daughter, Kim Cheong-sook, with her. When Lee Won-joo was doing the ‘return sex’ [pikareum], he was saying things like: “Heaven will have resentment towards those who do not give,” etc.
Concerning Mrs Yang, she was scared out of her wits that she would be unable to continue her work at the sanitorium, and that she would be evicted from the sanitorium. She then moved to Seoul and rented a house there. Following that I moved to Daegu.
However, Daegu was not a safe place either. I decided to flee to Jeju-do (Cheju Island) where I had some relatives. There I read the newspapers to find out how the trial had gone. On October 4th, 1955, Mr. Moon was found not guilty and was released. I was very happy to hear that. Kim Won-pil was sentenced to one year in prison. The others were released with only fines. The purpose of the investigation had been to prove that group sex activities had been going on. However, the women who had been involved in the group sex did not have the courage to confess to it, and their husbands felt ashamed to admit it. So in the end Mr. Moon was released, but it was true that they had had sex with Mr. Moon.