Updated September 6, 2020
The Period Before and After the Founding of the Unification Church
The translation of this chapter from the Japanese has not yet been re-done (except for pages 89-92 and pages 102-105 done in March 2018). About half of the content will be missing from the other pages. Some photos and information have been added. The Japanese text can be found HERE. Korean text HERE.
▲ (front row) from the left
李聖花 Lee Seong-hwa – real name is Choi Soon-wha (mother of Sam Park)
李奇煥 Lee Kee-hwan was a member in Busan in May 1953
池承道 Chi Seung-do joined in Pyongyang in 1946
玉相賢＊ (Ok Sang-hyun) – real name Ok Se-hyun.
. She met Moon November 6, 1946 in Pyongyang
文鮮明 Moon Sun-myung
姜玉実＊ Kang Ok-shil – real name is Kang Hyun-shil, one of the six Marys
李順哲＊ Lee Soon-cheol – real name is Kim Soon-cheol
. one of the six Marys, according to Moon
金在根 Kim Chae-keun
劉信姫 Eu Shin-hee had pikareum with Moon. In 1993 she was interviewed by Japanese national TV about her pikaeum experience.
(back row) from the left
李成範 Lee Seong-peom
著者 (the author) Pak Chung-hwa was in the UC 1949-1957 and 1981-1986
趙東錫 Cho Dong-seok did public relations for the UC in 1955
李耀翰 Lee Yo-han joined in Busan on December 10, 1952
. He had been a main disciple of Chong Deuk-eun.
羅英洙 Na/Ra Yeong-su
李昌煥 Lee Chang-hwan signed founding of HSA-UWC document
. He was UC President from May to August 1954
劉孝元 Eu Hyo-won was the first president of HSA-UWC (UC). He was the main author of the 1957 Divine Principle. He died July 24, 1970.
金相哲 Kim Sang-cheol, known as David SC Kim
劉孝敏 Eu Hyo-min made an economic foundation for the UC;
. He took many photos.
李秀郷 Lee Su-hyang
❖ The biographical information above has been added. The book caption just lists all the names.
The Passion of the Women Followers 76
Busan and the church at Sujung-dong
On May 15, 1953 I visited Mr. Moon’s house in Sujung-dong, Busan. He gave me a warm welcome, and told me about his plans for the future. From now things would be good. We had to work together. He taught me about the 6,000 years’ history of the providence, and many theories about God. He had changed his name from Yong Myung Moon to Sun Myung Moon. From that time everyone has known him by the name of Sun Myung Moon.
The people living with us at that time included: Kim Won-pil, Jung Sung-ok, Kang Hyun-shil, Ok Se-hyun, Chi Seung-do, Lee Kee-hwan, Lee Bong-oon, Lee Soo-kyoung and their family, Mr. Moon’s wife, Choi Seon-gil and their son Sung-jin, and Lee Yo-han. The new members who attended worship were Lee Deuk-sam, Kim An-shil, Kim Jae-chak, Kim Bok-soon and family, and Oh Yeong-choon. Except for Kim Won-pil, Lee Bong-oon, Lee Soo-kyoung, and Lee Yo-han, all the others were women.
Kim Won-pil was working on an American military base, drawing portraits.
I don’t remember their names, but a young couple from Ulsan came to us. They used to go out to do missionary work. They seemed to be touched by the Holy Spirit. On a night when there was a lunar eclipse, they looked up at the sky and shouted out that the sky had shown a light. Sometimes, when they heard about the spirit world from our members, they fainted.
A few days later, Mr. Moon called me and said: “We now have to establish a financial foundation. Let’s discuss what business we can do that can support us.” I talked about it with Kim Dong-ki. He told me about a contract with the Monopoly Bureau to supply straw ropes. He didn’t have the money to get started, and so he suggested to me that I could take over the contract. I spoke to Mr. Moon about the idea. He then gave us some funds to get going. So we started in the business of making straw ropes. I was in charge of delivery to their office.
Mrs. Choi Seon-gil, the wife of Sun Myung Moon, goes on the rampage 78
One day, Lee Bong-oon stopped by unexpectedly. He said that there had been a serious incident at the church in Sujung-dong. While Mr. Moon was practicing the pikareum ritual with some members, his wife came to stop it. She threw all the people out. Then she sold the house, and all the household items. Our church suddenly disappeared. I hurried to complete the contract with the Monopoly Bureau so I could earn about 30,000 won.
❖ Three photos with captions added. The photos are from the Korean edition of this book, and were taken by Eu Hyo-min. He explained the story behind the photos.
▲ Choi Seon-gil caught Moon doing a pikareum sex ritual with two followers. She went home and got the baseball bat which Moon kept there. She damaged the building and broke the HSA-UWC church signboard.
▲ Choi Seon-gil fought Moon because she could not accept his pikareum sex rituals which went against her strongly held Presbyterian beliefs. Moon had been excommunicated from the Presbyterian Church in 1948. At that time he was jailed for bigamy with Kim Chong-hwa (a married woman with three children) while he was still married to Choi Seon-gil. She eventually divorced him on January 8, 1957.
The testimonies of Moon’s first wife, Mrs. Choi Seon-gil, and Pastor Kim Deok-jin who wrote 19 of the church ‘Holy Songs’. Published in the Japanese magazine,
週刊ポスト Shūkan Post “Weekly Post” October 8, 1993
When I came back to Busan, Mr. Moon had left for Seoul to escape from his wife (September 17), and Won-pil had fled to Yeongdo, Busan. Elder Lee Bong-oon bought a humble house in Daeji Park and opened a church there. The church in Sujung-dong was already occupied by others. I had nowhere to stay, so that night I stayed in a guest house.
The following day I left for Seoul. I found Mr. Moon in Chungjin-dong and he welcomed me. I told him about the money we had made from the rope contract. The people staying there with Mr. Moon were all women.
The next day I went to Busan to visit the Bureau and get the [delivery] verification slip. I returned to Seoul arriving at noon on the following day. I went directly to the Chungjin house. Mr. Moon and his members had all gone. Only Choi Seon-gil was there. She was packing up all the household items in order to get rid of them. Among the items she was going to sell were Mr. Moon’s Bible and his manuscripts. I begged her to give them to me, which she did. If I had not taken them, it would have been very difficult for Mr. Moon to publish his books later on.
The truth was that Mr. Moon’s wife was very angry to see Mr. Moon’s dirty sexual activities with the other members – and so she had thrown them all out. Mr. Moon was scared of his wife, and had run away to Chungjin-dong with his female followers. But he was again found by his wife. He then just fled without even taking his manuscripts. The women with Mr. Moon, after the pikareum ritual, were looking for heaven.
As a man with blind faith in Mr. Moon’s religion, I have witnessed group sex gatherings and the pikareum ritual many times. I have seen their madness and heard their cries. At that time I thought it was the duty of the messiah to do those things, but I wondered why he had to run away from his wife because of that. He should have been confident in doing his duty as the messiah. How could he save the world without handling his own wife? He had even left his Bible and manuscripts behind.
Police give me electrical torture 82
After Mr. Moon’s escape from Chungjin-dong, there was another incident. I stayed at a guest house in Cheonggyecheon. As I was going to sleep, there was a knock on the door. “Is Pak Chung-hwa there?” I answered, “This is he.” The man showed me his ID. He was a detective from the Jongro Police station. He asked me to come with him to the police station. I didn’t know what the reason was, but I had to go with him.
I was interrogated. He asked me where Mr. Moon was. I said I didn’t know. The detective then brought in a set of batteries. He tied two electrical wires to my fingers. Then he cranked the handle. The pain from the electric shocks was great. He cranked more, and kept telling me to answer the question. My body became numb. He spoke my name, and then tried to persuade me with soft words. The torture went on for about three hours. Then I yelled at him, “Kill me! I don’t know.” At that time a man came in from the next room and asked me whether I was from Pyongyang. I said “yes.” He said that he was also from there. He ordered the other detective to stop torturing me. In the morning I was released.
The test concerning the will of heaven 83
After I was released from the police station, I went to the house near the YMCA where Aum Deok-moon lived. He welcomed me and gave me a map of where Mr. Moon was staying. After I finished work for the Monopoly Bureau, I was going to meet Mr. Moon, but Ok Se-hyun and others wanted to come with me. Even though I tried to stop them, they did not listen to me.
Then it started to rain. While they were hesitating, I jumped on a bus. I could easily find Mr. Moon’s new place.
In the house, Mr. Moon was with Kim Soon-cheol. He was very happy to welcome me. First of all, I briefly reported the progress of the work related to the Monopoly Office and the police case of the previous day. After that, Sun Myung Moon told me to take the test of the will of heaven that Kim Soon-cheol made. After looking at the problem, I wrote the answer, and Mr. Moon said, “OK, you have passed. Yesterday, I also gave the test to Aum Deok-moon. Since he also passed, he is spiritually the eldest son of God, and Pak Chung-hwa is the second son because he passed the test after.”
At that time Kim Soon-cheol was making a blanket which Mr. Moon called a ‘spiritual revelation’. There was so much cotton in the room it was a pain to clean it all up before bed time.
Kim Soon-cheol’s angry husband 85
I stayed there for two days and then returned to Seoul. In Seoul, Kim Soon-cheol’s husband was on fire with anger and was desperately looking for Mr. Moon. We felt that it was too dangerous to stay there, so Mr. Moon, Kim Soon-cheol and I left for Busan. We had to be careful. To be cautious we didn’t get direct tickets to Busan, we went to Suwon first and stayed in other cities along the way until we reached Busan five days later. We decided to stay in a guest house in Sumyun.
Two days later, even though it was hard for anyone to come to Busan, they seem to have found out where we were as if connected by an invisible thread. A member named Kim An-mi came to us. She was one of the Six Marys (married women), and she seemed to be jealous about Mr. Moon taking Kim Soon-cheol alone with him. The two women, Kim An-mi and Kim Soon-cheol, started to provoke each other. They were disputing their spiritual status and got louder. They were very jealous of each other. I talked to Kim about Mr. Moon’s situation, “Teacher is in a very complicated situation right now, and Satan is always trying to get in the way when there is an opportunity. It then becomes an obstacle to the plan that Teacher is trying to do. Because Teacher intends to stay at Busan for a while, for the time being, I want you to stay quietly.” Kim An-mi got angry and went back to her home.
We stayed in Busan for five days. After that we returned to Seoul. Kim Soon-cheol went back to her home, but she ended up in hospital with a big injury because her husband beat her and broke her leg. Mr. Moon, Oh Yeong-choon and I visited her in the hospital, but we did not stay long. We had an ominous feeling and decided to leave quickly and come back later. We found out later that Kim Soon-cheol’s husband had visited the hospital just after we had left. “Aren’t the guys who just left Sun Myung Moon and Pak Chung-hwa?” If Mr. Moon and Kim Soon-cheol’s husband had met, what would have happened?
Mr. Moon’s affairs with other women never stopped. Using the Restoration Principles as an excuse, the women who appeared in front of him, both married women and virgins, sooner or later had sex with Mr. Moon. Obviously, it made their husbands and parents very angry. In one case Mr. Moon even had sex with a mother and her two daughters. Was the protection of God the reason he was not arrested?
At that time Kim Won-deok, who was one of Mr. Moon’s disciples, came to us
Immediately after escaping from the house in Cheongjin-dong, Sun Myung Moon went to an inn in front of the main train station in Seoul. There he met Kim Soon-cheol, and under the pretext of a spiritual restoration ritual, he performed the Restoration Principles on the virgin Choi Soon-shil. In short, the three only had a physical ritual, meaning sex, not a spiritual ritual.
Strictly speaking, the return ritual must be watched by a family member as a witness to it. On this day, Kim Soon-cheol cooperated as the witness. Since Choi Soon-shil was a virgin, she was sure that in the future she would be given the “Marriage Supper of the Lamb,” that is, they would formally be married and she would become the wife of Sun Myung Moon. In fact, Kim Soon-cheol even gave Choi Soon-shil an expensive ring, saying at the time, “To the Future Mother.” I have no doubt about this, because I heard it directly from Sun Myung Moon.
The Meeting at Busan / Yeongdo
The tragedy of the female college student, Kim Myung-hee 89
In those days I was based in Daegu, and went to various places with Mr. Moon to give the principle lectures to the members here and there. In addition, I went to Busan and Seoul on Mr. Moon’s instructions, and gave the members his news.
At that time, it was still very difficult to travel by train; it took twelve hours to get from Seoul to Busan.
From the Chupungnyeong mountain pass to Daegu, there was complete darkness in the carriages, because all the lights were switched off for military reasons. In the middle of the night the heating went off, and since the glass in the windows was mostly cracked or broken, in winter it was bitterly cold.
When the train entered tunnels, smoke and the smell of the coal used for fuel were blown in through the windows which had no glass and passengers could hardly breathe.
One day when I was with Mr. Moon in Seoul, I heard from Elder Lee Pong-wun in Busan. “A lot of people are waiting to hear Teacher’s lectures in Busan, and rooms are all prepared. Please come to Busan in whatever way possible.”
We did not have the travel money to go to Busan. But Oh Yeong-choon came by. She took some trouble and came up with the required money. That evening Mr Moon and I set out. We arrived in Busan at eight o’clock the next morning. Elder Lee Pong-wun and about a dozen members came to greet us. Everyone was happy that Mr. Moon had come to Busan. We then went to Yeongdo in the city by taxi.
It was December 24, 1953. [This date has been confirmed in a testimony by Kim Won-pil.] Though the place we went to was very humble, it was neat and tidy with a comparatively large room, demonstrating the members’ sincerity. The owner of the house was Shin Seong-muk, and his wife was Eu Shin-hee.
After breakfast, Mr. Moon started to give the usual principle lecture. One man, Eu Hyo-won, could not sit, and was listening to the lecture lying down. His spine and hip had become stiff due to joint adhesion caused by tuberculosis. This person looked extremely serious. When someone coughed near him, he stopped them with his facial expression.
About twenty people were listening to the talk. The room was very quiet and the atmosphere was serious. There were no breaks besides meal times. The lectures continued until one or two in the morning. However, the people were attentive from beginning to end.
On this day a number of people had come to hear the teachings for the first time: two brothers, Eu Hyo-won and Eu Hyo-yeong, Shin Seong-muk who was the husband of Eu Shin-hee, Kim Kwan-sung and Deacon Cha. Those who were already members were Lee Deuk-sam, Ok Se-hyun, Lee Kee-hwan, Chi Seung-do, Yang Chung-shin, Oh Yeong-choon, and Elder Lee Pong-wun, and their families.
One other person, a Yonsei University student named Kim Myung-hee, was participating for the first time. She was the niece of our member, Yang Chung-shin. Because Kim Myung-hee was a very talented and promising student, it seems that she was treated with great indulgence by the university president. And when the American university president had to return home, he gave her one year’s worth of tuition fees. She thought it was dangerous to have such a large amount of money, so she gave it to her aunt, Yang Chung-shin, for safe-keeping.
However, because of the very difficult financial circumstances of the members, Yang Chung-shin had embezzled the money and given to the church. Kim Myung-hee was very angry when she found out, at the start of the school year, that all the money had been used. [She had come to the church with her aunt to get the money back.]
❖ Photo added:
Without moving an inch, Kim Myung-hee patiently listened to Mr Moon’s lectures from morning to night. She wanted to find out what kind of church it was that her aunt had joined. She wanted to protest after hearing the teachings of this Mr Moon and seeing what kind of person he was.
At midnight the meeting was adjourned and most of the participants returned to their respective lodgings. The rest of us ended up sleeping together in one room in the house. There were two men, Mr. Moon and myself, and six women: Ok Se-hyun, Lee Deuk-sam, Oh Yeong-choon, Yang Chung-shin, Chi Seung-do and Kim Myung-hee. This was the first night of the meeting at Yeongdo in Busan.
To tell the truth, Sun Myung Moon had sex with Kim Myung-hee on this night. I am revealing it here for the first time.
Sun Myung Moon was lying down at the very end of the room, and I was next to him. The six women were next in the order that I have named them. I did not fall asleep straight away although I was tired – then I drifted off to sleep. However, I then woke up because of something strange.
From the place where Sun Myung Moon was sleeping next to me, I heard a woman’s voice that sounded something like a scream or panting. Moreover, it was Kim Myung-hee who should have been asleep at the other end of the room. I have witnessed Sun Myung Moon having sex many times, but I was really surprised at this. I do not know if she was motivated by the Principles of Restoration, or if Sun Myung Moon had secretly called her, but without any doubt this was not a pikareum restoration ritual.
However, being right beside their activity, I had no choice but to pretend to be asleep because I was in a vulnerable position [in the organization].
Of the other five women, one was a Mary. The other four had already had a relationship with Sun Myung Moon. I will describe more about that later.
Also, after that, Kim Myung-hee became pregnant with Sun Myung Moon’s child, and led a really miserable life.
Being chased by investigators 92
The next day Mr. Moon continued his lectures. Eu Hyo-won was listening carefully and making notes. Kim Kwan-sung, known as a doctor of Oriental medicine, was also listening carefully, as was Shin Seong-muk, the owner of the house. His wife was also listening intently – and later she did the pikareum ritual with Mr. Moon.
About three weeks after that, all the participants began to weep and cry. There were strong complaints from the neighborhood. We were reported to the police. Furthermore, one of the members’ relatives was working for the police, and so we decided to stop the congregation in Yeongdo.
As a matter of fact, we felt that we were being chased by the police wherever we stayed. When Mr. Moon stayed in any place for a week, he became known to the police. Mr. Moon was being chased not only by the police, but also by the relatives of his converts.
In Jongro we ate at a restaurant run by the brother of Lee Chang-hwan, and we stayed in a guest house. The owners of the guest house and of the restaurant seemed to dislike us.
Later we moved to a place in Bukhak-dong. Eu Hyo-won, Eu Hyo-min and I stayed together there. Some female believers also came to help us. One day Mr. Moon suddenly visited us. That same night we were visited by police detectives and we were interviewed. They asked us general questions about religion. We did not understand why we were brought to the attention of the police.
I went to buy some household items with Yang Yun-shin. We looked like a newly married couple, but she was much younger than I was. She desperately tried to get the pikareum ritual. Unfortunately she died a few years later.
Since more members were coming, our rooms became full. We moved to a large house in Bukhak-dong which had three doors. Mr. Moon rented another room south of the house for his own use. Lee Soo-kyoung, Kim Sang-chul (David SC Kim), and Lee Chang-hwan joined us too. At that time Eu Hyo-won’s younger brother, Hyo-yeong, brought a bag of croaker fish for us.
Another unforgettable thing happened. A politician brought his daughter, who was a little retarded, to the church. He may have thought that she might get better if she stayed in our church. The problem was that the girl, who was eight years old, pooped whenever we had breakfast. We endured this, expecting that a miracle would happen. However, she did not get better and after a year her family took her away with them.
At that time Lee Soo-kyoung went out to make some money. Lee Chang-hwan translated the church pamphlets into English. He sent letters to distinguished people and renowned pastors all around the world. The letters said that the messiah had come to a country in the east: worship him. Those who are suspicious should pray. He attached a picture at the bottom of the letter. While he was busy doing this, Eu Hyo-won was focusing on writing Mr. Moon’s doctrines. Eu Hyo-min and I kept copying the manuscript.
During that time, Eu Hyo-won said that there were some contradictions in Mr. Moon’s teachings. We asked Mr. Moon about them, but he could not give any answers. So Eu Hyo-won just continued writing down the teachings as they were.
Kim Sang-chul, known as David SC Kim, was going to study in England. He asked me to fill in some application forms for him.
There was an old lady named Kim Jae-geun. She took cold showers, even in the middle of winter. We were worried about her health, but she was healthy enough to do that.
A man named Song Do-wook joined us. Kim Won-pil – who was trying to avoid military service – secretly hid in Song’s house.
The living cost for such a large family was a big challenge. We helped Eu Hyo-min’s picture business. I helped to shine the pictures. Lim Myung-shin also helped us after finishing her work at the kitchen. In this way we could just cover our expenses.
The Founding of the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification
of World Christianity
Eu Hyo-won writes the  ‘Explanation of the Principle’ 95
On May 3, 1954, at the church at 391 Bukhak-dong, Seong-dong Gu, five of us, Lee Chang-hwan, Eu Hyo-won, Kim Sang-chul, Pak Chung-hwa and Eu Hyo-min, gathered centred on Teacher Moon. It was time to promote the work of spreading The Principle centring on Mr. Moon’s teachings throughout the world.
▲ Daegu: the main church leaders at that time (front row) from the left
(front) Kim Kwan-sung, Lee Yo-han, Moon, the author, Eu Hyo-min
(back) Eu Hyo-won, Kang So-yong, Lee Han-song, Lee Pong-wun and Shin Seong-muk [Shin was the husband of Eu Shin-hee. This is Moon’s 34th birthday. Kang Hyun-shil was pioneering there at the time. According to Kim Won-pil, Moon went to visit her there during 1954.]
We discussed a name for our church. Our purpose was the unification of the world’s Christianity. At first we agreed on “Unification of World Christianity.” Next “Spiritual Association” … “God’s Spirit Association” …I suggested the “[Holy] God Spirit Association.” This was adopted.
… Principle … religious group for the unification of Christianity throughout the world … So the Unification Church was born. first … founding of the “Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity” (世界基督敎 統一神靈協會 [in Chinese characters] Se-gye Kidok-gyo Tong-il Shil-Lyeong Hyeop-Hwae”).
▲ Founders of the Unification Church (front row) from the left:
Pak Chung-hwa – author, Moon, (Baek Wun-hak*), (Kim Won-dok), Eu Hyo-won
(back row) David Sang-cheol Kim, (Lee Yo-han), Lee Chang-hwan
Here are five of the founders of the UC. Eu Hyo-min is not in the photograph.
*The names of those who were not founder members have been put in brackets.
Lee Chang-hwan was appointed as the first Chairman, but he left after only three months.
(Later on, May 1st became Foundation Day, but in fact it was May 3rd.)
The Time of the Ewha Womans University Incident
❖ Photo added:
Students and professors were coming in droves 102
Music Professor Yang Yun-yeong from the prestigious Seoul school, the Ewha Womans University, joined around this time. After she had listened to Mr. Moon’s lectures for three days, there was a sudden miracle and she was full of the Holy Spirit, which had been blocked by satan before then. She caused an uproar by shouting and kicking the walls with her feet.
❖ Photo added:
After that Eu Hyo-won went to Mrs. Yang Yun-yeong’s home in Sindang-dong every day to give lectures on the Principle. Han Chung-hwa, who was the Ewha Womans University housemaster of the dormitory, decided to join. Then Choi Won-pok, a Professor from the English Department at the same University joined, and also Kim Young-oon. Then, from Yonsei University, Professor Park Sang-rae and three students, Yu Kyong-kyu, Hwang Hwan-chae and Oh Seung-taek all joined.
❖ Photo of Moon and Choi Soon-wha added:
❖ Added information:
This book was printed four times in the first month after publication. Some photos and captions were changed across the different editions. The later editions had the group photo. The last edition removed information and had this simple caption: “Sun Myung Moon with female college student members.”
The older sister of Choi Soon-wha was Choi Soon-shil who went to Yonsei University. Soon-shil was arrested on July 18, 1955 during the Ewha sex scandal investigation; Moon had been arrested on July 4. Because Soon-shil was young, under questioning by the police she “confessed to group sex activities.” Her wealthy father, Choi Seong-mo, arranged for her release from jail. He always tried to help his daughters in spite of their involvement with Moon. And he had hope that his wife, Lee Deuk-sam, would return to him – but she never did.
However, at the end of her life Lee Deuk-sam did realize the truth about Moon and became a Christian, hoping for forgiveness for her involvement with Moon and for what had happened to her two daughters. She had misgivings about Moon’s sex with her daughters. Her eldest son was Choi Soon-yeong. He gave an interview to a Japanese magazine. LINK
“Soon-yeong and his wife were at the hospital bed of his mother, Lee Deuk-sam. One day, three officials of the Unification Church came and put a tape recorder in front of the dying patient. They wanted her to leave a will saying she desired to have her funeral at the Unification Church. They even wanted her to talk about inheritance, persisting for several hours. Lee Deuk-sam remained silent.
“They were in my mother’s room, located at the furthest end of the ground floor. They put a recording machine right in the center of the room. We found it unbearable and eventually said to them, “She is our mother, not yours,” and I threw them out.” The Unification Church did not get her inheritance.
❖ conclusion of added information.
Among the members who came from Busan to Seoul was a woman named Eu Shin-hee. She was the wife of Shin Seong-muk, who provided us with the house when we had that meeting in Yeongdo. One night she visited the room beside the church [in Bukhak-dong] which Mr. Moon had rented. She knocked on the door of the room and a voice asked “Who is it?” She answered “It is Shin-hee.” He said, “Enter” and she went in. Then, she apparently received the ‘restoration’ [pikareum] sex ritual straight away. Kim In-ju, who had already received the pikareum three times a while before, was in attendance as a witness. Kim In-ju encouraged Eu Shin-hee to receive the ‘restoration’ pikareum. After that Eu Shin-hee had ‘restoration’ pikareum with a number of male members.
To tell the truth I was also one who had ‘restoration’ pikareum sex with Eu Shin-hee. Kim Deok-jin came shortly after and had ‘restoration’ pikareum with her. Then Kim Deok-jin had ‘restoration’ pikareum with her and then went on to do the ‘restoration’ with other women, these women… it quickly became a chain of seventy people. Some time later Kim Deok-jin became a Pastor and caused a great commotion by declaring he was going to write a book about the wild sex in the Unification Church. (This is described later.)
A man called Kim Deok-jin 104
At that time, I was working every evening until about ten o’clock putting gloss on the photographs [we were producing to sell]. One night a young man, who was wearing a black UN forces coat, arrived and said, “I would like to meet Teacher.” When I asked him where he came from, he gave his name as Kim Deok-jin and said he was a graduate in the humanities field at Soongshil Technical College in North Korea. He had been put on trial for espionage by the military and sentenced to death. However, during his life sentence imprisonment he had been given a retrial and been acquitted. He came after he got out of the Dongchon Army prison in the south.
He had been entrusted with a letter, which was addressed “To my Father,” to pass on to Mr Moon. He had been given it by a man named Mr. Lee Suk-bin whom he had met in prison. I led him to Yang Yun-yeong’s home where Mr Moon was. He had musical talent and could compose music and write lyrics. As soon as he joined he began composing and writing lyrics (hymns). Mr. Moon praised his musical talents and he had the honor of being the first member to be given a suit by Mr. Moon.
❖ Photo added:
The membership also increased: Kim Ch’an-kyun, Chong Rin-Jong, Ahn Chang-seong, Kang Jung-won, Cha Man-chun, Lee So-dam, Yu Kwang-yol, Lee Chin-tae, Pak Seung-kyu, Lee Wol-seong, Kim Won-min, Hwang Eun-ja, Chi Saeng-ryon, Yu Dong-hee. The new people who joined were: Chi Won-dae, An Chong-kuk, Kim Sun-hwa, Shin Mi-shik, Chong Dae-hwa, Kim Joo-hwa, Lee Kwan-sun, Lee Gi, Park Bong-ae, Nam Gung-cheol, Lee Yong-il, Choi Jung-sun, Lee In-bok, Kim Hwa-yong, Kim Jung-eun, Sa Kil-ja, Park Yong-sook, Seo Myung-jin, Lee Jong-ho, Kim Young-hwi.
❖ Photo added:
▲ After their expulsion, the students managed to meet The university president, Kim Hwal-lan, on May 23, 1955. She stood by her decision. This picture was taken on campus after the meeting.
(Top from left) Seo Myung-jin, Lee Gye-soon*, Sa Kil-ja, Chi Saeng-ryon**, Park Young-sook, Kang Jung-won and Chong Dae-hwa (who was later married to Kim Young-whi)
(Bottom from left) Choi Soon-hwa (the mother of Sam Park), Yim Seung-hee***, Kim Jung-eun, Shin Mi-shik (later known as Mamasan Choi) and Park Seung-kyu.
* Lee Gye-soon entered Kyunghee University in 1957. She left the Unification Church over 50 years ago and had a successful career as a professor.
** Before Chi Saeng-ryon joined she was known as Lee Mal-sook, and after she moved to the US she also used that name.
*** Her name may be 朴承姫 Park Seung-hee and not 林 Yim or Lim Seung-hee.
Kim Yun-rye was also expelled but later made a pledge to give up the Unification Church, and Ewha Womans University allowed her to return to her studies.
Eight of the expelled students entered other universities in 1956.
Following the professor, fourteen Ewha Womans University students joined. But because of their heretical beliefs, thirteen of them were expelled from the University. (One professor had handed in her resignation and resigned before that.) Those who got expelled from the school were: Shin Mi-shik, Sa Kil-ja, Kim Jung-eun, Seo Myung-jin, Pak Seung-kyu, Chi Mi-sook, Chong Dae-hwa, Park Young-sook, Park Seung-hee, Lee Gye-soon, Kang Jung-won, Choi Soon-wha and Kim Sook-ja.
Another electrical torture, this time in Daegu 105
❖ Photo and two testimonies added:
391 Bukhak-dong, Seong-dong Gu, Seoul, was the first headquarters church. Their aliases were: Ok Sang-hyun, Kang Ok-shil. This building was known as “The House of Three Doors.” The same photo with both women clearly and correctly named is on page 37 of “A Pictorial History of the 40 years of the Unification Church.”
Here is a story from Dr Mose Durst, former president of the FFWPU/UC of the US:
“Mrs. Eu Gil-ja Sa, another early member of the Seoul church, tells of an extraordinary rumor spread around 1955. The church supposedly had three doors that one had to pass through before entering the central meeting hall. One had to remove, so the rumor went, an article of clothing as one passed through each door, so that presumably one entered the final hall completely naked.” (from Durst’s 1984 book To Bigotry No Sanction)
Here are two testimonies from women who were members in 1954-1955. One of them was ‘restored’ in Moon’s room.
Choi Syn-deok 崔信德 (1921-2016) joined in 1954. Later she was Professor of Sociology at Ewha Womans University in Seoul. She wrote an article about the UC in Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch No. 43 (1967) The introduction stated: “She was once an active member of the Tong-il Church [ UC ] and was closely associated with Mun Son-myong.”
“KOREA’S TONG-IL MOVEMENT”
“I present here a brief picture of the Tong-il Church from the sociological point of view. … Many reports have been made about these two religious bodies. [The other was Elder Park Tae-seon’s “Olive-Tree” Church.] There is, however, no one who really knows about their leaders, organizations, beliefs and practices. We have seen many families which have been destroyed, leaving unhappy husbands, sorrowful parents and miserable children because of these new religious movements. The purpose of this research is to help in the solution of these problems of disorganization of homes, and to make a scientific study about these groups, without emotional or biased opinions.
… “Before Moon’s marriage [in 1960], believers, male as well as female, who longed to meet him and talk with him could easily arrange to be with him in the living room of a home attached to the church, staying until very late. They used to talk, sing and laugh without realizing how fast the night went, until after one or two o’clock in the morning. They called this their period of direct association with the master. Its purpose was to educate and train the believers, that is, to “restore” them.” … “In July, 1955, several senior members and four leaders as well as Mr. Moon were imprisoned under an accusation of injuring public morals. (This matter was reported in papers and journals.)” LINK to a PDF of Transactions No. 43
Eu Shin-hee 劉信姫 gave an interview in about 1993:
Q.1: “You were living peacefully with your husband, Mr. Shin Seong-muk, and your five children in Yeongdo, Busan. You lent one of your rooms to Moon’s congregation for a meeting. [On the recommendation of her older cousin, Eu Hyo-won, who was living nearby at the time.] Is that correct?”
Eu: “That’s right. It was on December 24, 1953. In the beginning they said they only needed the room for three days, but in the end it went on for 25 days. …”
Q.5: “You were one of the women who had pikareum with Sun Myung Moon in this way. And yet, Mrs. Eu Shin-hee, you accepted to do an interview, and are probably the first to be willing to show your face in public. How do you feel about this?”
Eu: “The reason why I remained silent to people outside [the church] until now was because I was frightened that the children would know about the reality of pikareum. At my age I can endure it, but it will affect my children and grandchildren negatively. Although this truth is a very shameful thing to talk about, I still want to clarify the facts before I die.”
Q.6: “Please explain some more details about the ‘the restoration’ with Sun Myung Moon.”
Eu: “One female member talked me into it. [at the Seoul church. It was Kim In-ju 金仁珠 who joined in 1946. She was the aunt of Kim Won-pil and first introduced him to Moon.] She led me to Sun Myung Moon’s pitch-dark room late at night. That, in my case, was how I was ‘restored.’ It was finished in just a short time, it was all over in a few moments. I was told that I should come back two more times to complete the ‘restoration,’ to clean up the satanic blood, but I had ‘restoration’ pikareum only once, and then I stopped it.”
Eu: “Sun Myung Moon had many relations with various women. I did not know when my turn would next come around, and then because I heard a very unpleasant story. There was a woman who came from the same village as me, and she had a cute daughter. From when she was small, we would hold hands and go to the mountains and rivers or to the church to pray. Later this daughter became a university student. She was still a virgin. Then Sun Myung Moon took her to his room and had sex by force with her. He took away her chastity with the excuse of ‘restoration.’
When this daughter told me, she was crying. Even if it is done in the name of ‘restoration’ it is still sexual intercourse. It doesn’t change the fact that he hurt a young woman by doing this. That is why I gave up on being ‘restored’ two more times.” LINK
In 1993 Eu Shin-hee was also interviewed by Japanese national TV.
The main church moved to a new house in Hongin-dong in January 1955, and then moved to Jangchoong-dong three months later. A few days after our move, two police detectives came to the church. They checked our church, and I felt something was different that time. We warned some women from other regions to keep a low profile.
I decided to report this to Mr. Moon, who was staying in Daegu at that time. I went to Daegu with Kim Myung-hee. She was the woman who lost her virginity to Mr. Moon. She was now pregnant. She was planning to smuggle herself to Japan to have the baby there.
❖ Two photos added:
When we arrived in Daegu, we went to Kim Yo-han’s, but there was nobody there. I felt something was wrong. Then I was caught by police detectives. At the police station I was interrogated all through the night. They asked me for Mr. Moon’s whereabouts. I said “No” and that I would not say even if I did know where he was. They started the electrical torture on me. It was the second time. Mr. Moon was in Yong Mountain at that time.
The production and sale of bromide pictures 108
As I said before, we were in the picture business to make money to cover our living costs. We took pictures of famous places and sold them. Eu Hyo-min was in charge of the technology, and the work in the darkroom was done by Kim Won-pil, Eu Hyo-yeong, and Lee Soo-kyoung. The headquarters in Hongin-dong had five rooms with a kitchen and a living room. It was the perfect place for our picture business, and for the teaching. There was a garden with trees. It was a good place.
After we moved there, a lot more people joined us, and our church grew rapidly. The newspapers and rumors at that time were like this: When you join the Unification Church, you will be brainwashed in three or four days and you will leave your family. The room with a red light for our photographic work was rumored to be the brainwashing room.
The applying of the gloss for the bromide photographs was usually done at night time, and finished in the morning. At dawn many orphans would come to us, right after the lifting of the curfew, to buy pictures from us. They sold our pictures very quickly. In that way we had some financial stability. Every day about 70 or 80 people had meals at the church, so for that we needed a bag of rice each day. It was hard work for the women working in the kitchen, and it cost a lot of money to feed everyone. On the streets of Seoul there were many street vendors. They were selling cigarettes, magazines, and our pictures.
One day Kim In-chul visited us when we were working on the pictures. I knew him well since I was the company commander in the army with him. He was running a hotel in Haeju at that time. We became friends while I had been staying there. I didn’t expect to see him again. I was very pleased to see him. We talked about many things, but I had some concerns too. If he talked about my history in the North Korean military, I would have been arrested. It would also damage the church. I reported all this to Mr. Moon, but Kim never mentioned my past to anyone. About 20 years later when I met him again, we chatted about that time, and together we laughed about it.
The third secretary, Song Do-wook 111
Deacon Song Do-wook joined our church in Yeongdo in Busan. He was a wholesaler of pesticides and cleaning products to vendors. In Manchuria, during the colonial era of Japanese imperialism, he had worked for the independence of Korea. Although he hadn’t received much education, he had a solid physique, a character that could split bamboo, and he had the ability to act and to be decisive.
I had been teacher Moon’s secretary for a long time and Eu Hyo-min had succeeded me. Song Do-wook became the third secretary. He was promoted from Deacon Song to Elder Song at the same time he was given a position as Mr Moon’s assistant.
When I was at the Seojin Mine (which I will describe later), he did errands for Mr. Moon. He came to the mine with a message and was showing off and bragging. That boastful attitude was frightening. In front of Elder Jeong Seok-cheon, I gave advice to Elder Song because he was so proud and spoke so loudly.
Not only that, when he traveled around the provinces, he also surprised the genuine and modest family members and I advised him not to show off or to talk too forcefully.
I remember that time like yesterday, but now Elder Song and Elder Chong have died. I wonder what they are now doing in heaven.
The first member of the member who died at the time was Kim Young-do of Seoul, who had returned from Shanghai after the liberation. Then Song Ki-joo, Cho Dong-suk, Kim Byung-ok, Eu Hyo-won [in 1970], Song Do-wook, Chong Suk-chaen, Yu Kyong-kyu, Lee Deuk-sam [in 1972], Yang Yun-shin, Kim Chae-keun, Na Soon-yol, Lee Kee-hwan, and several other female members also died.
A time of modest relaxation 112
During the time when we were in the bromide photograph business at the Heungin-dong Church, each week I saved about 500 won from the money I made from selling the pictures. When Saturday evening came, Eu Hyo-yeong and Lee Soo-kyoung, some others and I used to go down to the Dongdaemun market to eat pork or sundae sold by the women there. [Sundae is made by kneading together a seasoned mixture of glutinous rice, bean curd, scallions, mung-bean sprouts, and shiitake mushrooms. It is then stuffed into casings made of pig intestines, which are then tied off at the ends, and boiled.] We also had a little drink of soju with our delicious snack which we ate in the open air. This revived us. We worked hard, but we always looked forward to each Saturday when we encouraged each other. That too I remember just like it was yesterday. The flow of time goes as fast as flowing water.
In the production of the bromide pictures, we must above all recognize Eu Hyo-min’s intelligence and skills. At the beginning I was ignorant of photography, and I could only see the making and selling of photographs as a child’s game, but once I started, I had an unexpectedly high income. In addition, I was surprised at the precise planning of Eu Hyo-min, who every time purchased the precise materials necessary for our mass production.
In this way, the members of the Heungin-dong era worked diligently to build the economic foundation needed to expand the church. After that, we succeeded in mass-producing the “Yehwa shotgun air gun”, which was invented and patented by Eu Hyo-min. The income we received at this time was an order of magnitude higher, amounting to billions of won.
Now Eu Hyo-min is no longer a member of the church. He had been a member of 36 Blessed Couples and had been blessed (married) to Na Soon-yol (who died). They had three children. (Described later).
The Truth Behind the Arrest of Our Church Elders 114
Sun Myung Moon’s arrest
People joined in droves: five Ewha Womans University Professors (Yang Yun-yeong, Han Chung-hwa, Choi Won-bok, Kim Young-oon and Lee Jong-ho), fourteen students from Ewha Womans University, in addition to those from Yonsei University which included Professor Park Sang-rae. Ewha Womans University resented this situation, and complained to the authorities, and asked them to investigate the truth.
As I wrote before, the headquarters church relocated to Changchong-dong on April 27, 1955. After that, on May 13th, an investigator from the prosecution and two detectives from the Special Information Department of the Public Security Bureau came to the church. They stayed at the church, listened to the Principle lectures, and were eagerly looking for any problems.
They also checked the identities of the members who came and went, and also monitored their daily lives. They spent about two months sleeping and eating with our members and doing thorough research.
As a result of examining the police investigation policy through Cho Dong-suk, a former policeman, it was predicted that several leaders, including Mr. Moon, would be arrested.
Mr. Moon was living in hiding with Park Sang-rae at the foot of Mt. Samgaksan in a house that was temporarily rented. On July 1st we gathered together to make a decision on a final course of action. Eu Hyo-won, Eu Hyo-min, Cho Dong-suk, Noh Dong-hwi, Kim Soon-cheol, Oh Yeong-choon, Kim In-ju, Lee Deuk-sam and myself all went to meet Mr. Moon. We discussed various options. At that time, Kim Soon-cheol spoke with passion, “I cannot give my teacher to the police. How about letting you go to Japan for a while? All the necessary funds can be made ready.”
There were many ideas, but it was difficult to decide what to do. In the end we decided this time we couldn’t escape; we concluded that going to the police would be a good thing for the long-term.
At that time Kim Deok-jin, who had a loose mouth, became a problem. A house was rented in Sanglin-dong, Jung-gu and he was to be monitored by Kim Soon-cheol and Kim In-ju. I also stayed in the room with him for three days as a watchdog.
Mr. Moon was finally arrested on July 4, 1955.
By this time, the police investigation had been going on for more than two months. Kim Sang-do of the Special Information Division of the Security Bureau was the official in charge. First Eu Hyo-won, who was president of the association at the time, was examined. The president was questioned about the content of the principle. “What part of the principle led university professors and university students to leave their universities and enroll in the Unification Church?” “What was the goal of the Unification Church beliefs?”, etc. He was questioned for a whole day.
Next I was investigated and was asked, “When did you start your relationship with Sun Myung Moon?” “What was the situation when you were together at Heungnam prison?” So I summarized the things I mentioned earlier [in Chapter 1].
“He was called Yong Myung Moon before – but why did he change his name to Sun Myung Moon when he arrived in Busan?” I answered that I did not know.
As the investigative authorities were considering what kind of crimes could be proven, one problem emerged.
People from North Korea cannot be issued with a citizenship card [Citizen ID] unless there is a good reason. How come Sun Myung Moon has one? It was also said that his age, as written on the card, was false. At the time of the initial investigation, it was not a problem, but then, when Moon was questioned about the process of writing his certificate, I heard that he was in great trouble.
The next day I reported to the Public Security Bureau. “When I was at the Bukhak-dong church, I asked the secretary general of the government office to prepare the application documents, and I explained that I had created Teacher’s citizenship card.” (In fact, it was issued as a “counterfeit document” which I paid for behind the scenes. I also made my own citizenship card at that time. To avoid military service Mr. Moon’s age had been falsified.).
Furthermore, a lot of followers were asked how the living expenses of so many members was covered. We replied, “We make and sell bromide photographs and live on the income from that.”
Then I was asked, “Who is the person in charge of finances and how was the organization created?”
I replied, “The person in charge of the economy is myself, Pak Chung-hwa, and I’ve done everything according to my teacher’s instructions. Regarding the bromide photographs, Eu Hyo-min used to have a photo studio [in North Korea], and he worked hard to purchase and make the photos to sell. Eu Hyo-yeong, Kim Won-pil, Lee Su-hyang, myself and others worked to complete the work by each morning. The retailers came in at dawn and purchased everything. I was able to use that money for our living expenses.”
After that, the investigation into adultery problems (group sex activities) began.
“The grandmother of a follower says Pak Chung-hwa is a big satan. What does that mean?”
I was really in trouble. When I was asked what it meant, I was really embarrassed. I decided to remain silent. Tis provoked the officer and he spoke loudly, “You have been with Sun Myung Moon for a long time, so you’ve probably seen everything he’s been doing. Just blurt it all out. Sun Myung Moon is the Second Coming Messiah and just as Jesus died on the cross for our sins, he also says he will die for our sins. Answer if that is true,” and he thumped his desk.
“I’ve never heard that I’m a big satan. I don’t know why the member’s grandmother said that,” I answered.
Then the officer said, “Our investigators have heard a member’s grandmother, Kim Chae-geun from Daegu was saying that. You’re not supposed to know.”
The problem was, one day, the Daegu grandmother voluntarily appeared at the police station and explained to the officer in charge, “I was told by God, so I just reported it.”
It was true that around this time there were some voices saying “Pak Chung-hwa is a big satan.” That was because I knew Sun Myung Moon from way back. If I spoke to the law enforcement authorities then, “Teacher Moon, the Second Coming Messiah, would die on the cross in the same way as Christ died” and never complete his mission. That was why, according to the ideas of some some innocent grandmothers, Pak Chung-hwa was satan. He held the key [to unlocking the truth about Sun Myung Moon].
The arrest of Sun Myung Moon gave the members a sense of crisis. (See Chapter 7, “Eu Hyo-min”)
It is a fact that if the officer had known the real intention [of the church], he would have interrogated me more thoroughly and intensively to get me to spill the truth.
❖ Photo added from the Korean edition of this book:
The focus of the investigation was on group sex 119
The most severe and intense investigations continued on the group sex relationships.
The officers deepened their search, and said, “According to your doctrines, the original sin began when Eve had sex with the Archangel Lucifer, and then after that Eve had sex with Adam. In order to restore this original sin, a pure God-like person [a messiah] must come to this world and have sexual intercourse with women to cleanse their sin. In short it is called “The return.” Is this true, or…?”
“According to that principle, Sun Myung Moon seems to be having sex with many women, especially married women, by telling the women that he is the Second Coming Messiah, and that by having sex with him, they will become restored humans. Have you ever witnessed that going on?”
“As for the problem of the principle, Mr. Eu Hyo-won, the chairman of the Association, is in charge of it, so he should know the details. Since I am only in charge of the finances, I have not thought about such a thing. I’ve only believed and followed Teacher Moon since I was in prison. The story of having sex with so many women, especially married women, is absurd. I’ve never seen or heard of it.”
Then the officer said, “Opinions in your church seem to be divided in two ways. On one side are those who are reborn as human beings who unconditionally support the principles, and who have nothing to do with sin, being truly restored by changing the blood by having [pikareum] sex with Sun Myung Moon. It is believed that only when the descendants of these couples rule and have domination over the world then it can become world free of sin; a fully restored Garden of Eden.
On the other hand, there are the ones who are suspicious of Mr. Moon’s new teachings, and the history of restoration, since he was the second son of a humble family, the son of Moon Kyung-yu of 2221 Sangsa-ri, Deokeon-myeon, Jeongju-gun, North Pyongan Province. They think Mr. Moon has original sin, and that he is not God. It is impossible to save people through sex. What is your position?”
I said, “The pikareum restoration through a sex ritual is a lie. It is just a story, a rumor. Somebody must have lied to harm Mr. Moon.” The inspector asked me about what Mr. Moon had done in North Korea, Daegu, and Busan. I answered that Mr. Moon had just studied the Bible and religious doctrines, and had preached to people. I added that the people who gathered around him were touched by his teachings. The inspector asked me about Mr. Moon’s wife and children, and about the disturbances that Mr. Moon’s wife had made in Busan and Seoul. I said that it had happened because of the differences in their religious beliefs. The police tried to find any evidence that could prove Mr. Moon’s adultery, and about the group sex activities.
The indictment of five church elders 121
Eu Hyo-min and Eu Hyo-yeong were questioned after me. When Kim Won-pil was questioned, his evasion of military service caused a problem. Then the investigation of the family of Mr. Moon’s wife started. Ok Se-hyun was the first. The investigation about women was done during day time. It was focused on the issue of group sex. After the investigation, Kim Won-pil, Eu Hyo-min, Eu Hyo-yeong, and Eu Hyo-won respectively were imprisoned.
❖ Photo added:
▲ Choi Soon-wha, not her sister Soon-shil, is standing directly in front of Moon. On the left is Choi Won-bok and on the right is Kim Young-oon. These two Ewha Womans University professors, along with three other professors, encouraged their students to join the UC and be pikareum cleansed by Moon. All were expelled from the Christian University due to their involvement with Moon. The scandal was covered in Japanese newspapers as well as Korean ones. Link to Korean newspaper coverage of the scandal.
The female member Choi Soon-shil was imprisoned on the 18th. Including Mr. Moon, five were imprisoned. At that time the public relations of the church was handled by Noh Jung-woo and Cho Dong-suk. They appealed to the prosecutor’s office to release me, saying that the living of dozens of church members would be difficult if I was in prison. They promised that I would turn myself in whenever the prosecutor’s office wanted. Mr. Moon was held in jail.
Choi Soon-shil, who confessed to group sex activities, was also released because of her father’s efforts. On July 29, 1955 five men were indicted for evasion of military service. I was worried about being called to the police station but it did not happen. I was asked to hide somewhere before any further investigation began, so I did.
My escape from the hands of the investigators 123
A call to me came from Mr. Moon. There was fifty thousand won in checks in the drawer of Mr. Moon’s desk at the Changchong-dong church. It had been saved to be spent in the case of an emergency. I went to Masan to get it.
I also visited Yang Yoon-shin who was in the Masan National Tuberculosis Sanitarium. At that time Yang Yoon-shin served as the Director of Nursing at that nursing care home. I stayed there for free for about a fortnight.
Suddenly, while I was in Masan, Lee Duk-sun who was the younger brother of a man called Lee Weon-joo, together with Shin Seong-muk and Park Bong-shik from Busan, all came together with Kim Cheong-sook, the real daughter of Yang Yoon-shin. We were all church members.
We were always gathered together, and worried about the trial of Mr. Moon and the church leaders in Seoul.
About 10 days later Lee Won-joo went away somewhere. A short time later some weird things happened. Suddenly Lee Won-joo began calling out, “Sun Myung Moon is not the Second Coming Messiah. I am the Second Coming Messiah.”
Those who gathered in his house came to believe all his stories. They were praying and crying day and night. Lee Won-joo was exploiting the Principle and the women. He had ‘return sex’ [pikareum] with them, including Mrs. Yang who had her daughter, Kim Cheong-sook, with her. When Lee Won-joo was doing the ‘return sex’ [pikareum], he was saying things like: “Heaven will have resentment towards those who do not give,” etc.
Concerning Mrs Yang, she was scared out of her wits that she would be unable to continue her work at the sanitorium, and that she would be evicted from the sanitorium. She then moved to Seoul and rented a house there. Following that I moved to Daegu.
However, Daegu was not a safe place either. I decided to flee to Jeju-do (Cheju Island) where I had some relatives. There I read the newspapers to find out how the trial had gone. On October 4, 1955 Mr. Moon was found not guilty and was released. I was very happy to hear that. Kim Won-pil was sentenced to one year in prison. The others were released with only fines. The purpose of the investigation had been to prove that group sex activities had been going on. However, the women who had been involved in the group sex did not have the courage to confess to it, and their husbands felt ashamed to admit it. So in the end Mr. Moon was released, but it was true that they had had sex with Mr. Moon.